电脑安装Linux系统后配置网口及NFS 服务手动挂载文件

电脑安装Linux系统后配置网口及NFS 服务手动挂载文件
1. nas 服务端配置 安装nfs工具
yum -y install nfs-utils rpcbind
2.万兆网口设置
vi /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/enp6s0.nmconnection     #内容改为:
[connection]
id=enp6s0
uuid=67c8225e-d935-3c18-b57c-510f9e2f4883
type=ethernet
autoconnect-priority=-999
interface-name=enp6s0
[ethernet]
[ipv4]
address1=10.1.1.3/24
gateway=192.168.1.1
dns=119.29.29.29,114.114.114.114
may-fail=false
method=manual
[ipv6]
addr-gen-mode=eui64
method=auto
[proxy]
mtu设置9000:
ifconfig enp6s0 mtu 9000
重启
systemctl restart NetworkManager
nmcli connection reload enp6s0
ifconfig查看
attachments-2023-09-rnhGXkgQ65013129a7b35.png 3./etc/hosts 追加内容
vi /etc/hosts
10.1.1.1 cluster.local cluster
10.1.1.254 compute-0-0.local compute-0-0
10.1.1.253 compute-0-1.local compute-0-1
10.1.1.252 compute-0-2.local compute-0-2
10.1.1.251 compute-0-3.local compute-0-3
10.1.1.248 compute-0-5.local compute-0-5
10.1.1.249 compute-0-7.local compute-0-7
10.1.1.246 nas-0-3.local nas-0-3
10.1.1.247 nas-0-5.local nas-0-5
10.1.1.244 backup01.local backup01
192.168.1.99 cluster.rocks.org
192.168.10.2 class
192.168.10.3 class-b01
192.168.10.4 class-a01
192.168.10.5 study01
192.168.10.6 class-b02
192.168.10.7 class-a02
192.168.1.12 backup02
192.168.1.254 backup03
# Imported from /etc/hosts.local
10.1.1.2 nas-0-1.local nas-0-1
10.1.1.3 backup04.local backup04
修改主机名称
vi /etc/hostname

4.分区
fdisk -l
attachments-2023-09-qlfpr3fL6501319b72da2.png
使用parted删除sda1和sda2俩分区,重新分区
parted /dev/sda   #交互式界面
(parted) print

attachments-2023-09-OfuuzWfJ650131c294761.png
(parted) rm 1
(parted) rm 2
(parted) mklabel gpt
(parted) mkpart primary 0% 100%
(parted) q
fdisk -l #查看

attachments-2023-09-O7OqkxI4650131e363b55.png磁盘格式化,挂载

mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1    #格式化
mkdir /export/data1
mount /dev/sda1 /export/data1 #磁盘挂载到目录
df -h #查看

attachments-2023-09-x1Tedt77650131f8bf059.png
vi /etc/exports   #目录共享出去
/export/data1 10.1.1.0/255.255.255.0(rw,no_root_squash,async)
固定挂载:
blkid  /dev/sda1
/dev/sda1: UUID="60588444-b0a0-4956-a40a-8251965e7887" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="primary" PARTUUID="00d1d4d9-c9af-4fc9-8b26-81e69fcccfdc"
echo UUID=60588444-b0a0-4956-a40a-8251965e7887 /export/data1 ext4 defaults 0 0 >> /etc/fstab
配置生效:
exportfs -arv
设置rpcbind、nfs开机启动:
systemctl enable rpcbind.service
systemctl enable nfs-server.service
启动命令
systemctl start rpcbind.service
nfs无需启动
systemctl start nfs.service
systemctl start nfs-server.service #rock9
检查NFS服务器是否启动
rpcinfo -p
查看【服务机server】可挂载目录
showmount -e 10.1.1.3

attachments-2023-09-gsrcqGhh65013219caf1a.png
如果报错:clnt_create: RPC: Program not registered   
解决方式一:
systemctl stop rpcbind.service
systemctl start rpcbind.service
systemctl start nfs-server.service #rock9
#开放端口
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=rpc-bind
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=mountd
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=2049/tcp
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=2049/udp
firewall-cmd --reload


  • 发表于 2023-09-13 13:03
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  • 分类:软件工具

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